THE VILLAGE POST A LOWER SPEED LIMIT ON MY STREET TO SLOW
The Police Department works closely with the community
to educate drivers and enforce speed laws in many areas
of town. The police use a variety of enforcement techniques
including STEALTH radar, SMART (Speed Monitoring) Trailer,
the C.A.R.E. Program, and selective enforcement by the
patrol division. Some believe speed limits reduce accidents
and increase safety. Actually, research studies show there
is no direct relationship between posted speed limits
and the frequency of accidents. Appropriate speed limits
establish a steady flow of traffic and simplifies enforcement.
The Village of Hinsdale has posted speed limits that range
from 20 to 35 miles per hour. These speeds are based on
Traffic Engineering Surveys that take into consideration
the roadway conditions, accident records, and the speed
of drivers. The maximum speed limit for any passenger
vehicle is 55 miles per hour. All speed limits below 55
are either set by the Illinois Vehicle Code (e.g. 25 miles
per hour in business and residential areas), or have been
established through a Traffic Engineering Survey. The
speed limit is not always posted, but drivers are required
to know to drive at a safe speed; as defined by the Illinois
Vehicle Code. In Hinsdale, the speed limit is 25 mph unless
otherwise posted. The Village of Hinsdale must meet the
standards of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices
to alter speed limits within the Village.
HOW CAN I GET A STOP OR YIELD SIGN AT MY INTERSECTION?
The Village follows the standards of the MUTCD, which
requires specific signs for specific purposes. The true
purpose of a stop sign is solely to assign right-of-way
at an intersection. Various research studies indicate
that stop signs do not reduce the overall speed of traffic.
When stop signs are installed the speeds are reduced in
the vicinity of the stop sign, but tend to be higher between
the intersections as drivers try to make up for delays.
The overuse of stop signs may cause general contempt for
all traffic control devices, often with tragic consequences.
Signs that don't fulfill a proper need get ignored. They
don't command respect.
Stop signs are installed at an intersection only after
a traffic engineering study is completed that considers
accident history, traffic volumes, speed of traffic, and
sign distance problems. The following warrants must be
met prior to installation of a two-way stop sign:
The following warrants must be met prior to the installation
of a 4-Way stop sign:
- The intersection of a less important road with a
main road where application of the normal right-of-way
rule is unduly hazardous.
- A street entering a through highway or street.
- An un-signalized intersection in a signalized area.
- Other intersections where a combination of high
speed, restricted view, and serious accident record
(defined by 5 or more collisions within a 12 month
period) indicates a need for control by a stop sign.
The following warrants must be met prior to the installation
of a Yield sign:
- Where traffic signals are going to be placed soon
and the intersection needs a temporary solution to
control the traffic.
- An intersection that has several crashes (5 or more
correctable collisions in 12 months).
- When an intersection has the following traffic volumes:
- the total volume of traffic entering the intersection
from all approaches must average at least 500
vehicles per hour for any eight hours of an average
- the combined vehicular and pedestrian volume
that enters the intersection from the minor street
must average at least 200 units per hour for the
same eight hours, with an average delay to the
minor street traffic of at least 30 seconds per
vehicle during the maximum hour;
- the 85th percentile approach speed (this is
the speed at or below which 85 percent of the
vehicles travel on a given roadway) of the major
street traffic exceeds 40 miles per hour, and
the minimum vehicular volume warrant is 70% of
the above requirements.
Every time a stop sign is considered, a less restrictive
method such as a yield sign is first considered. Traffic
accidents can be reduced with simple measures not involving
signs like improving visibility and prohibiting parking
close to the intersection. Unfortunately, there is no
general solution to the problem of speeding traffic.
- On a minor road at the entrance to an intersection
where it is necessary to assign right- of-way to the
major road, but where a stop sign is not necessary
at all times, and where the safe approach speed on
the minor road exceeds 10 miles per hour.
- On the entrance ramp to an expressway where an
acceleration ramp is not provided.
- Within an intersection with a divided highway,
where a STOP sign is present at the entrance to the
first roadway and further control is necessary at
the entrance between the two roadways, and where the
median width between the acceleration lane.
- At an intersection where a special problem exists
and where an engineering study indicates the problem
to be susceptible to correction by use of the YIELD
The following Adobe
Acrobat document will further explain the process
of obtaining a stop or yield sign.
NOTE: You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader software to view
this document online. If you do not have Adobe Acrobat
Reader software, you can download it here:
DOES THE VILLAGE DECIDE WHERE TO PUT IN A TRAFFIC SIGNAL?
The purpose of a traffic signal is to assign right-of-way
to opposing movements of traffic at an intersection. They
work best are very busy streets. The busiest streets operated
by counties, the State of Illinois or the Illinois State
Toll Highway Authority. The warrants for a signal are
much more stringent than for signs.
SPEED BUMPS SLOW TRAFFIC ON OUR STREETS?
Speed bumps are not recognized by the State of Illinois
as an official traffic control device, and as such the
Village of Hinsdale does not use them on public streets.
Speed bumps adversely affect drainage and snow removal
and are ineffective. The faster a car crosses a bump the
less it is felt.
MY NEIGHBORHOOD GET A "CHILDREN AT PLAY" SIGN
"Children at Play" signs are requested to provide
added protection to their children near roadways. However,
studies have shown that "Children at Play" signs
in residential areas do not reduce vehicle speeds or pedestrian
accidents. The use of these signs creates a false sense
of security in both parents and children. "Children
at Play" signs may suggest to children that it is
acceptable to play in Village streets, which could lead
to devastating results. It is important to teach children
to respect moving vehicles and how to be a safe pedestrian.
Most importantly, children should not play in or near
WE HAVE A CROSSWALK AT THIS INTERSECTION?
Crosswalks can either be "marked" with painted
lines of white or yellow, or left "unmarked"
at an intersection. The purpose of a "marked"
crosswalk is to encourage pedestrians to use a particular
crossing. Normally, crosswalks are "marked"
at places where there is an abundance of pedestrian movement,
at a signal, and where pedestrians cannot recognize a
proper place to cross. However, if "marked"
crosswalks are not frequently used by pedestrians, then
drivers tend to forget that they exist. As a result, accidents
can occur when pedestrians rely on crosswalk pavement
markings to provide them with a safe barrier from traffic.
It is important that pedestrians remain attentive and
cautious of on-coming vehicles on a roadway before crossing
a street, regardless of the presence, or lack of, a crosswalk.
DOES THE POLICE DEPARTMENT ADDRESS PROBLEMS OF SPEEDING
Upon receipt of a citizen concern about speeding
vehicles, the Police Department first must determine if
indeed there is a speeding problem. This is done by the
use of the STEALTH Radar. STEALTH radar is a speed-monitoring
unit which is installed on a utility pole and contained
in a metal box. The STEALTH radar is not visible to the
motorist and a true indication of vehicle speeds can be
obtained. The STEALTH also counts the number of vehicles
and calculates the average speeds. If too many motorists
are traveling over the posted limit, several methods of
speed-reduction operations may be utilized. These include:
SMART Trailer, Selective Enforcement, or the Community
Assisted Radar Enforcement (C.A.R.E.) Program. The SMART
Trailer is a radar unit housed within a trailer containing
the posted speed limit and a display which shows the motorist
the speed at which they are currently traveling. The SMART
Trailer logs the speeds and calculates average speeds
and vehicle counts. Selective Enforcement is the distribution
of police manpower to a target location. Police Officers
are assigned to this location in patrol vehicles and will
issue citations to drivers for speeding and other traffic
violations. The C.A.R.E. program provides the opportunity
for residents to become involved in the speeding problem.
Residents are issued a radar unit for a temporary period
of time that they may use to monitor traffic. Violations
are documented on a department-prepared form letter that
is sent to the registered owner of the speeding vehicle.
The C.A.R.E. program offers a first-hand observation of
true speeds to the resident. Surprisingly, many speeders
on a street are drivers that live in the neighborhood.
DON'T WE HAVE CROSSING GUARDS AT ALL SCHOOL CROSSINGS?
The primary objective at a pedestrian crossing used by
students is the protection of children. The chances of
meeting this objective increase if the school children
and drivers can easily interpret, understand, and follow
the traffic control directives in the area of the crossing.
Keeping the signing and/or traffic control within school
zones consistent throughout a particular jurisdiction
accomplishes this understanding. Adult crossing guards
are used at some school crossings in order to supply adequate
crossing breaks in the traffic flow, but this type of
traffic control can be expensive and the need must be
closely evaluated. A properly designed route to school
should not require the use of adult crossing guards. However,
this depends on the location of the school, the roadway
network, and the location of the child's home. Student
should be careful when crossing the street and that not
all drivers are necessarily watching out for them. Drivers
need to be aware of the possibility of pedestrians in
IS IT ILLEGAL TO DRIVE WITHOUT A LICENSE PLATE ON THE
FRONT OF MY CAR?
The Illinois Vehicle Code requires motor vehicles
to display a valid registration plate on both the front
and rear of a vehicle. Often times, drivers chose not
to display a license plate in the front of their vehicle
because it may not look appealing, or it has been lost;
however, this practice is unlawful. If you have lost a
license plate, report it to the police and Secretary of
State so that a duplicate may be issued.
License plates must be securely fastened in a horizontal
position to the vehicle that it is registered for. You
cannot use a license plate from a different vehicle without
notifying the Secretary of State.
Beginning 1/1/06, the use of license plate covers is illegal.
This includes tinted, colored, painted, marked, illuminated,
and CLEAR covers that cover any characters of a motor
vehicle's registration plate. This new law also prohibits
the sale of such plate covers.
Registration plates displayed on the rear of a vehicle
must display a valid sticker. Stickers are issued by the
Secretary of State and expire on the last date of the
month displayed on the sticker (i.e., a sticker displaying
11-06 expires on Nov. 30th, 2006).
Additional information regarding vehicle registration
may be obtained online through the Secretary of State:
Wednesday, March 28, 2012 12:34